... Alfalfa/Lucerne is grown in most temperate regions of the world. Lucerne is traditionally used to make hay, but the weather conditions may sometimes be unsuitable. Semi-winter dormant Titan 5 is an exciting new lucerne variety combining Medicago sativa and Medicago falcata genetics. Pioneer lucerne breeders have developed varieties with greater yield potential and Several important factors must be considered when choosing a lucerne variety (Wiersma et al, 2000). Growers who have for many years enjoyed the benefits of Genesis lucerne, will transition well into Genesis II. We always strive for the best quality. The distribution of dry‐matter yields averaged over all varieties was 44, 29 and 27% for cuts 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Seed. Following the withdrawal of the NSW DPI from lucerne breeding, SARDI is the only program with the resources and ability to deliver the most widely adaptable and thoroughly tested lucerne varieties … Semi-winter dormant Titan 5 is an exciting new lucerne variety combining a 50:50 cross between Medicago sativa lucerne (purple flower) and Medicago falcata (yellow flower) lucerne.. Medicago falcata, regarded as a more resilient species of Medicago, is geographically distributed and originated in the cold and dry areas of Russia, Mongolia, Scandinavia, and China. When to sow. Although it was traditionally a summer growing plant, Mr McRae pointed out lucerne varieties are … HWA lucerne will typically have a shorter life-span of around 3–4 years, although some varieties, including SARDI 10 Series 2, have exhibited improved persistence in many circumstances. Matching lucerne varieties to production goals. In trials with seven cultivars in three successive years, Vahš 233, Taškent 721 and lolotan' 1763 began spring growth 5-10 days earlier than the rest; Vahš 233 gave 16 cuts compared with 10-13 in the others and its mean yield was 669.4 c. per ha. It is suitable for In 1977, spotted alfalfa aphids almost destroyed all lucerne stands in Australia, which prompted significant breeding and variety introduction. SF Force 5 lucerne was developed for grazing under set stocking by selecting plants that excelled and persisted under two years of set stocking. The seed rate depends on viability of seeds also. Zero grazing is a good way of utilising Lucerne, but short chop is important to limit the stock separating the leaf from the stem. • More persistent ‘grazing type’ Lucerne varieties are available for farmers who want to graze the crop regularly. Taškent 1 gave 13 cuts and a mean yield of 674.9 c. per ha. It is bred in Australia to suit the Australian climate. Varieties should be selected to have a good resistance to V. wilt. Varieties The improved varieties of lucerne along with their characteristics of some of the important commonly grown varieties are given below. Lucerne is a reliable, perennial deep-rooted legume adapted for both irrigated and non-irrigated land. Varieties. new varieties are developed based on market requirements, so only the best are chosen for commercial release. Dormancy: 9. Seed rate of lucerne: 6-7 kg/acre. There are more than 50 varieties available to Australian growers. Built with unrivaled agronomic packages to stand up against yield limiting pests and winter stress, the mix of traits delivers excellent forage yield and quality for your operation. Very little is known about the difference in resistance between lucerne varieties. Gravels and free-draining soils with a pH 6.5-8. The lower the dormancy rating, the less active the plant is during winter. The introduction of new genetics provides persistence, additional drought tolerance and water use effciency over traditional Medicago sativa varieties of similar dormancy. Varieties are variable and contain a proportion of plants with poor seed yield potential Trials in seed production districts can assess seed yield potential and longevity of varieties. Very high resistance to the major disease Phytophora Root Rot makes it the ideal option across soil types that are […] It … Distinguishing characteristics. Some 120 lucerne varieties and breeding lines, many of which had previously undergone two cycles of selection under continuous sheep grazing, were evaluated in a continuous grazing trial at Roseworthy SA. Stamina 5: Stamina 5 is a semi-dormant Lucerne with little winter growth but excellent yield and quality through the warmer months. Each variety is given a winter activity rating between 1 and 10, with 1 being winter dormant and 10 highly winter active. Over the three harvest years of the experiment, Flandria was the highest yielding variety and New Zealand B the lowest. Close grazing, or cutting close to the crown will damage and potentially shorten the life of the plant. Select species and varieties efficiently. From lucerne for racehorses, to grass hay for ponies, and everything in between. Lucerne was introduced to Australia over 200 years ago and for many years most lucerne grown was the Hunter River variety. We also supply clean straw for stables and pet bedding. Seed rate of lucerne. Bloat preventatives should be used when feeding, though wilting It is rarely a serious problem in the UK as it multiplies rapidly at high temperatures (>30°C) after rainfall. The parent germplasm was tested under an arduous series of strict grazing protocols […] Autumn establishment is better suited to winter active or highly winter-active varieties as they have better frost tolerance. Pea straw and lucerne for mulching; Barley straw for algae control; Top quality hay – small squares. 5 compared with 549.1 for Horezmskaja mestnaja [Horezm Local]. Four different varieties of lucerne “Pleven 6”, “Dara”, “Roly”, “Multifoliolate”) and bird’s foot-trefoil (“Gran San Gabriele”, “Leo”, “Local population 1”, “Local population 2”) were studied in order to find some varieties with allelopathic tolerance. Silage is an alternative means of retaining nutritional quality. Sirsa 8: This annual variety was developed at Fodder Research Station, Sirsa (Haryana). On average, the early types of lucerne gave the highest yields of dry matter and crude protein. Download PDF L56 is a high yielding variety with excellent forage quality and greater persistence on all soil types. Lucerne can be established successfully whether it is sown in autumn, winter or spring. There should therefore be a four year break between lucerne crops. Pioneer® brand alfalfa varieties are designed with top-quality forage in mind. There are also several other good varieties of lucerne released by various organizations. High yield potential. Ensiling lucerne has many advantages over making hay, when it comes to retaining quality. It offers greater management flexibility than winter active varieties and excellent seedling vigour for quick establishment. The Lucerne grass commonly referred to alfalfa is a highly precious forage legume because of its palatable and nutritious benefits compared to Napier and Lucerne varieties are rated according to their dormancy. It thrives very well on well-drained soils with a sufficient content of lime, potash and phosphate. It has good pest and disease resistance and is the ideal choice where producers are looking to plant lucerne with an expected stand life of 7+ years.\ After two years, surviving plants were dug up and replanted next to aphid and disease resistant selections for open pollination. It is widely adopted but prefers deep, well drained soils with neutral to high PH. Complete Hay Supplies stocks all types of hay. In general, winter active varieties (>6) are better adapted to Mediterranean climatic conditions as found in southern Western Australia. Lucerne is a Perennial Summer Legume which is well adjusted to perform in almost all areas of South Africa. There are no control methods. Consider the dormancy rating and ensure the majority of dry matter production will occur at a time that is well matched to the feed demands of your farming system. Dodder (Cuscata) This parasitic plant has seed similar to lucerne and is difficult to remove from seed samples. The cultivation practices given here also hold good for most of those varieties also. Lucerne must be sown into warm soils and is often undersown to a spring cereal crop as it is slow to establish. It is an excellent forage feed for livestock and can be grazed or made into silage or hay. Choose resistant varieties as there are no chemical treatments available. Weather conditions have little influence on the process. Suitable soils and optimum pH. It can be sowed in clean, well prepared soils at a density of 25-30kg per ha under irrigation. The time of sowing normally depends on the rainfall and climate of the region. Its yield potential is about 35-40 t/ha of green fodder and 0.2-0.3 t/ha seed. There are two dominant types of lucerne grown in Europe: Provence and Flemish. Breeding There is sufficient variation in lucerne varieties for seed yield to be increased substantially by selection and breeding. improved persistence F914QL is an ideal replacement for SF Force 10 and other activity 9 or 10 Lucerne varieties. It is the ultimate choice where a stand is required for prolonged periods of set-stocking. Important considerations. Reducing the cereal seed rate by a third and cutting it as arable or wholecrop silage will give lucerne the best start. Total yield has a huge impact on the profitability of lucerne production. This is a measure of the winter hardiness of a variety and exists on a scale of 1–12, with 1 being very dormant in winter and 12 having virtually no winter dormancy. Therefore, a long-term crop rotation and application of the right catch crops for nematode control are recommended if lucerne is grown on farms with root-lesion nematode occurrence. It has a deep tap root system and is thus able to withstand severe drought. All lucerne varieties are summer active but they vary in their winter activity. The most important characteristic to consider when selecting varieties is dormancy. Download PDF The new Grazing Tolerant Lucerne GTL 60 was selected and bred by Pasture Genetics Pty Ltd. Parent germplasm was selected for a broad and low set crown, high forage values, high ruminant palatability with high disease and pest resistance ratings. 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2020 varieties of lucerne