common or native bluegill in the two pound range. common or native bluegill in the two pound range. If you are in the Deep South or the Southwest (including Southern California) and not at high elevation (Appalachian, Rocky or Sierra Mountains) Coppernose should be considered. of  the Northern United States have had some slowing down effect on the You might ask why is there a difference in the genetics of Coppernose vs. “regular” native strains of Bluegill and Florida vs. Northern Bass? Bluegills have many spines on them that are not poisonous. At 3 years there was a 16 mm (.63 inch) difference on average and at 4 years 24 mm (.945 inch). This would be consistent with their similar relationship to Florida Largemouth Bass which have repeatedly been tested to do poorly and die in cold climates. Coppernose Bluegill were significantly larger than Native Bluegill in all scenarios tested with the largest observed difference being 19.2 mm total length (.756 inch) and 33.5 grams (1.18 ounces) over 2 years. For the past year, you've planned construction of your new pond,.. Fish Farm, 16 Shorty Smith Road The two sub-species will integrate (inter-breed) with the offspring exhibiting mixed traits and no apparent negatives but there is very little published data on them. truth is Coppernose bluegill will do good, if you provide the right food in recognized subspecies of bluegill (lepomis macrochirus). Coppernose Bluegill were significantly larger than Native Bluegill in all scenarios tested with the largest observed difference being 19.2 mm total length (.756 inch) and 33.5 grams (1.18 ounces) over 2 years. growth rate of most all fish. Description: An iridescent blue color on the lower portion of both the jaw and gill cover gives the bluegill its common name. What to Feed Bluegill Native to Florida and southeast Georgia, it has a range similar to that of the Florida largemouth bass. And, in my experience, ounce for ounce, they outfight a bluegill every time. Here are some points from a study (1) on the subject, looking at growth (size at age), survival and catchability. is a Coppernose Bluegill? Here is the basic story. Sea level rose and peninsular Florida was cut off from the mainland for a long time, allowing two separate populations develop into different strains. I have raised and seen the Bluegills readily accept pelletized feed, which makes it very straightforward to grow large bluegill for angling and lots of small bluegill to feed your bass. your pond for your fish during the growing season, by proper management of Even with your pond, the spawning months of hybrid Bluegill around May to mid-June will mostly happen. Whichever type you choose keep in mind that the most important factor to growing nice bluegill is to be sure they have enough food to eat and not too much competition. Keith topped his personal best bluegill two more times before we headed for the dock and he headed for Tennessee. In other words, should I stock Coppernose Bluegill and Florida Bass or go with their northern/native counterparts “regular” Bluegill and Northern Largemouth Bass. Fingerlings. Many people have mistaking these type of fish to be one another. Suttle Fish Farm sales the Coppernose Bluegill for stocking pond and lake. Keith Combs and his biggest ever bluegill. Coppernose (lepomis macrochirus purpurescens) is native to Peninsular of Florida. <><  <><  <><   While there is an often cited study (2) that states Coppernose and Native Bluegill have similar cold tolerances the key is the test was done on bluegill all from the same area (Texas). The Bluegill vs Sunfish debate is a prime example of that. Studies on the While this fish exhibits some of the traits of coppernose, it’s actually a cross. However, giant bluegill could continue to grow, depending on specific conditions inside your pond or lake. They are only one of three They Its purpose was to determine if Coppernose could survive the Texas climate. There is much more on this and many other topics on the Pond Boss Forum and in Pond Boss magazine (subscribe today!). Fish farms and live haulers in Mississippi, Texas, Louisiana, Alabama and It is also recommended to have a 3 to 1 ratio between prey and predator. The ones that make it a year or two get BIG. The steps to cleaning bluegill are pretty simple. Coppernose Bluegill Characteristics. Fingerlings, or small fish, can grow to be approximately two to three inches. 54 at pgs. But the Coppernose Bluegill are getting in the Coppernose are a substrain of bluegill native to Florida, and as such, they certainly have a northern limit, just as Florida largemouth do: if you live in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, for instance, and you stock coppernose in your six-foot-deep pond, you’re probably not going to be happy with the results. (2) "Cold Tolerance in Two Subspecies of Bluegill" by A. J. Sonski, K. E. Kulzer, and J. They grow to roughly the same size as Native Bluegill but are not as prolific. The other pond is about 1.5 acres and has bass, native bluegills, coppernose bluegills, some large green sunfish, about 10 hybrid stripers and two ancient channel cats. This Some bluegills in this photo are native strains, but you can see distinct vertical markings of young coppernose, too. 120-127. Coppernose bluegill have 12 soft rays on their anal fin as opposed to 11 soft With other fish species present there was no difference in angling vulnerability (catchability) between the types. I have not seen any evidence on the results of F-1 Bass in northern climates. Last Colors are brighter on breeding males. They just don’t have enough ounces to suit most tastes. Most all bluegill will readily take to  It also has a slightly larger mouth than the standard bluegill and will be more aggressive than its pure bluegill parent. When the male bluegill and female sunfish mate, the resulting brood is 80 to 90 percent male. The coppernose is not a "hybrid". Surely, as a pond owner you have heard this bass and bluegill story. They are only one of three recognized subspecies of bluegill (lepomis macrochirus). All fish are guaranteed disease free and we offer satisfaction without the hassle. They are stocked by TPWD as forage for the redfish population. Green Sunfish are very aggressive, are known for biting swimmers (your small hairs especially), and they are small/stunted fish. The coloration of the coppernose differs from that of the common bluegill. Coppernose bluegill are universally beneficial in most scenarios, with very few exceptions. At 5 years of age: Bluegill will likely fall between 9.5 and 10 inches. Coppernose They are, however, sharp.  $25.00 per 100 This is a Coppernose Bluegill, the guy holding it sell fish to stock ponds. I like that aggressiveness about those mutts. The primary difference between the Coppernose & the common Bluegill are as follows: Coppernose have a yellow or white margin on the end of the fins. are not a Hybrid So if you want high catch rates then add some northern genes to the mix. common or native bluegill with the use of  artificial feed. However, crappies are not known to cross breed outside of their core family. A healthy mixed-pool of sunfish collected in a sport fishing lake. Suttle Reported scientific evidence is substantial that in ponds, the most common cause of reduced growth is a shortage of food.  artificial feed. However, the two bluegill and bass sub-species were now a little different genetically. bluegill. rays found on the regular bluegill. By: Also, Coppernose have 12 soft rays on the anal fins, as opposed to 11 on the bluegill. The growth rate is exceptional compared to the common bluegill (native bream). Attachment 11906 You will want to be careful while handling the bluegill because the spines could cut you. I have not seen any A close-up of a male Coppernose bluegill, facial colors and black-tipped scales. The Hybrid Bluegill is 95% male. Laurel, MS 39440, Copyright bluegill without artificial feed. homepage. I have not seen any Florida/northern crosses (F-1s and FXs) are a good southern choice for both catchability and size but do research on the hatcheries you consider buying from as all are not equal. I dug a new pond in fall of 2012. your pond for your fish during the growing season, by proper management of If you are in the south and want trophy sized bass then Florida Bass genetics are the way to go. The in this video I will be showing you the differences between the 9 of these fish. Male coppernose  has a broad Artificial feed has been use to excelerate the growth rate of most all fish. For example, a hybrid bluegill is a cross between a male bluegill and a female green sunfish. The coppernose bluegill is a subspecies of the common bluegill. can. There a tons of natural hybrids among the different sunfish species, but most of the monsters caught at fairfield are a hybridized mix of bluegill and a green sunfish. Well, it started a long time ago and it took a long time to get there. growth rate of the Coppernose as compared to the Southern United States. We are proud to offer OTS (Overton's Texas Strain) Coppernose Bluegill in 3 sizes. Your location (climate) and goals are key factors. $200.00 Per 1000 I have raised and seen the The standard “Hybrid Bream” is a combination of a Coppernose Bluegill and a Green Sunfish. It also does not reproduce well, because it produces 95% to 100% male offspring. The Coppernose is outstanding for stocking lakes & ponds. However, evidence suggests Florida Bass are much less apt to be caught by fishing. the United States. your pond or by  feeding artificial pellet feed. shorter growing season. That is a critical key to success with Coppernose. Coppernose bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus purpurescens) are a subspecies of bluegill native to Florida and the Atlantic coast up through North Carolina.In southern climates such as ours they grow faster and reach larger sizes than northern-strain bluegill. Coppernose bluegill has been around for a long time. So the answer to the question, “Should I stock Coppernose Bluegill or Regular (native) Bluegill or both?” is – it depends. They seem to be even less cold tolerant than Coppernose Bluegill. There is substantial observed and anecdotal evidence that Coppernose do not do well in cold climates (north of I-40 +-). The even more important for pond ownesr to use proper pond management (fertilizing program) because of the A hybrid bluegill is a cross between a male bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) and a female sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus). Pure strain coppernose bluegill. Survival of young of the year Coppernose was substantially greater than for Native Bluegill. In the far northern U.S. Coppernose become subject to high winterkill rates. This is seen as a very large negative! truth is Coppernose bluegill will do good, if you provide the right food in bluegill has been around for a long time. I would want to know about coppernose bluegill and F-1 bass. (1) "Performance Comparison between Coppernose and Native Texas Bluegill Populations" by John A. Prentice and J. Warren Schlechte in the 2000 Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, Vol. In my opinion the only practical way to tell the difference between the three available choices is by genetic test. Hybrid Bluegill are the cross between a female Green Sunfish and a male Bluegill. Hybrid Bluegill reproduction can potentially make either normal Bluegill or Green Sunfish (which is the other species needed to make them “hybrids”). season. The Hybrid Bluegill are predominantly male, 80-90 percent, so they pose little overpopulation concerns. There are other differences as well. Is your temperature profile similar to those areas? This is my basic pond. Coppernose  Before I stocked my pond nobody could tell me if the would live in Northern Arkansas. Florida Bass females get bigger than Northern Bass but the Florida Bass males are small. The popularity of this hybrid its large mouth, like a sunfish, coupled with bluegill aggressiveness, makes it a good feeder and excellent sport fish. In this episode we go bluegill fishing with a baitcaster and help out a couple of the local anglers. For instance, a hybrid crappie does exist but doesn’t involve another species of fish. It takes two to three months to reach this size. To answer that question, you should look at the traits and use fish that work best for the particular goals for your water…and where you live. Bluegill and bass on both the mainland and peninsula continued to evolve separately, each influenced by local conditions and climate, with a divergence time of roughly 2-3 million years. The cold temperature Another southern option is using some of all three Bass types to try and cover all genetic bases.I hope this information helps you make the best choice for your waters and your goals. It is not a hybrid. Which Type of Bass and Bluegill are for you? Developed Many old adages say that weeds are just plants in the wrong plac.. At 4 years of age: Bluegill will likely fall between 8.7 and 9.4 inches. The catch is that their offspring will usually be about 90% male and 10% female. program) because of the Spawning activity of the brooders began at the same time (last week of Feb in 1995 and first week of March in 1997) and produced the same size offspring for tagging at the same time each year ( mid-April) in what appeared to be similar numbers. My guess is the further north you go the less well they do. Meaning they do not produce the quantity of offspring that Native or Coppernose Bluegill are capable of. Coppernose is not a Hybrid. 12 anal fin rays and often light/white fin edges most visible when young. Coppernose Bluegill and Florida Bass grow bigger under the right circumstances but do not necessarily flourish in colder climates. Stocking rate is up to 1000 per acre. Fingerlings that are stocked in the Spring of the year may potentially reach 1/2 lb by the fall, assuming they are adequately fed. Table of Contents. How to Clean a Bluegill. Notice the redear sunfish in the middle of the photo, and a hybrid immediately to its right. should be expected because of the shorter growing season. two pound range and more of them are getting the two pound range than the After five years, your bluegill will probably reach full size. 42 at pgs. If I were stocking a lake, first I would talk to my county agent and find out what worked best for the area. Fish Farms in Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin have feed. The Coppernose will grow larger and faster than native or common copper band above the eye or forehead and are prominent during spawning If you own or manage private waters anywhere in the world - or want to - Pond Boss is the leading authority. Before you draw too many conclusions, note this was in Texas where the weather is close to that of the Coppernose’s native range in the southeastern United States. studies on the Coppernose. The coppernose bluegill has a deep, rounded body in a variety of colors including brown, copper, orange and green with reddish orange to yellow on the belly. The hybrid bluegill is shaped like its male parent (oval body and pointed pectoral fins), but has a distinguishing yellow-orange colored belly. With proper pond management, coppernose in excess of one pound is easily obtainable. A hybrid bluegill is an easy-to-catch, fast-growing game fish that makes a fun addition to recreational ponds and lakes. But the Coppernose Bluegill are getting in the 196-206. As to whether to choose Florida or Northern Bass, there is more information available and the existence of another hatchery-reared choice F-1 Bass (a Northern/Florida cross – sometimes called a Tiger Bass). As noted by Kentucky State University, a hybrid bluegill is a cross between a male bluegill and a female green sunfish. It is very hard to positively identify the differences by sight. The Coppernose will grow larger and faster than native or common As we study these different gene pools and effects of climate, we are seeing some influence of Florida genetics in healthy northern ponds which develop significant ice cover that insulates those waters from rapid temperature fluctuation. Coppernose over two and a  half pound size with the help of artificial Artificial feed has been use to excelerate the To aerate or not...Is it really a question?
2020 hybrid bluegill vs coppernose bluegill