Orchids are abundant from Townsville to Cooktown in areas of rainforest, open forest, mangroves, mountain tops and even eucalypt-dominated forests. aquatic plants, heliconia, plumeria, passion flowers. Kraenzlin 1910 as D sumneri; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D phalaenopsis; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D phalaenopsis var hololeucum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D phalaenopsis var rothschildianum; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D phalaenopsis; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D phalaenopsis var hololeucum; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D phalaenopsis var rothschildianum; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1953; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1953 as D phalaenopsis; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 3 1958 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 #5 1959 as D phalaenopsis postage stamp fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 9 1959; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 5 1960 as D phalaenopsis photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 # 2 1962 as D phalaenopsis photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 8 1963 as D phalaenopsis photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963 as D phalaenopsis; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as D biggibum var phalaenopsis; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 4 1966 as D phalaenopsis photo fide; ; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 No 8 1968 as D phalaenopsisphoto fide; Orchids of Australia Nicholls 1969 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Volo 47 #8 1978 as D phalaenopsis photo fide; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 10 1979 sa D phalaenopsis var alba photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 9 1980 photo fide; Orchids of Asia Soon 1980; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 633 - 752 Brieger 1981 as D phalaenopsis; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 633 - 752 Brieger 1981 as D biggibum var superbum photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 633 - 752 Brieger 1981 as D biggibum var compactum photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 11 1986 as D phalaenopsis photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 11 1986 as D phalaenopsis var alba photo fide; Dendrobium Orchids of Australia Upton 1989 drawing/photo fide; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo fide; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 as D bigibbum var alba Photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 56 No 3 1992 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 56 No 3 1992 as D phalaenopsis photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] phalaenopsis (Fitzg.) Cooktown Orchid Dendrobium bigibbum (mauve form) Queensland's state floral emblem, the COOKTOWN ORCHID is a popular and attractive horticultural species and has been cultivated widely for many years. It may have larger flowers (up to 7 cm across) than other varieties of the species. dellense B.S.Williams 1894; Dendrobium phalaenopsis var. bigibbum. phalaenopsis. Dendrobium bigibbum ssp. Cooktown Orchid - (Dendrobium phalaenopsis) Cooktown Orchidare found in northern Queensland and used to grow in abundance around Cooktown but today is quite rare. Kraenzlin 1910 as D phalaenopsis; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Description Dendrobium bigibbum is flowering plants, up to 32 inches (80 cm) tall. bigibbum SECTION Phalaenanthe Photo by John Rees, Dendrobium bigibbum Lindley 1852 ssp. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Dendrobium phalaenopsis var. bigibbum grows on the western side of Cape York and has been commonly called the "Weipa Cooktown orchid" because it is found around Weipa, a bauxite mine on the western side of Cape York. – Cooktown orchid; Dendrobium bihamulatum J.J.Sm. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Dendrobium bigibbum was first formally described in 1852 by John Lindley and the description was published in Paxton's Flower Garden. Other common names Cooktown orchid Family Orchidaceae Name Status Unchecked Get involved. The Cooktown Orchid is the floral emblem of Queensland and one of the most ornamental of Australian orchids. Phragmipedium Don Wimber 'Sunlight Flight' AM/AOS. The common name, Cooktown Orchid, refers to the northern Queensland town, Cooktown, which lies within the distribution of the species on the Endeavour River, named by Captain Cook after his ship was repaired there in 1770. . The name may ring a bell as he is the describer of many new Brazilian orchid species such as Cattleya tenuis. species Dendrobium phragmitoides Schltr. species Dendrobium phalangillum J.J.Sm. & Peter B.Adams. Orchid - Orchid - Characteristic morphological features: The primary characteristics that distinguish the orchids as a group are found in the flower. Muell.] In European species of the genus Ophrys, flowers have a labellum that looks like the body of a fetching female bee or wasp—complete with the requisite shape, iridescent colors or colorful markings, and hairs. It is an epiphyte growing on trunks and branches of trees. A few months ago a neighbour commissioned me to do some china painting with an Australian theme. Dendrobiumbigibbumvar.compactum,orbetter knownbythecolloquialsobriquetof‘Dwarf CooktownOrchid’,isfoundgrowinginthecoastal rangessouthofMossman,FarNthQld. There are a number of cultivars of this including 'Albomarginatum' (with white margins on the petals and sepals) and 'Hololeucum' (white flowers). Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. M.A.Clem. The Cooktown Orchid is the Floral Emblem of Queensland. References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Temperature during the day should reach no higher than 29.4 degrees Celsius and should stay above 23.8 degrees. Dendrobium bigibbum var. The 62-hectare botanical gardens contain a large number of plant species, including the Cooktown orchid. It has cylindrical pseudobulbs, each with between three and five green or purplish leaves and arching flowering stems with up to twenty, usually lilac-purple flowers.It occurs in tropical North Queensland, Australia and New Guinea. to THROUGH . They mainly grow in the Great Dividing Range of New South Wales. The flower clusters have up to ten flowers and grow on canes up to 4 cm long. Australian Floral Emblems - Dendrobium bigibbum Dendrobium bigibbum (the "Cooktown Orchid") is the floral emblem of Queensland and is probably the best known and most colourful of Australia's orchid species.Dendrobium is a large genus with around 1400 species spread throughout Asia and the Pacific. I am happy that the AOS used my photo to be the front cover for this month. phalaenopsis, References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Kraenzlin 1910 as D bigibbum var candidum; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Die Gruppe Dresden der Deutschen Orchideengesellschaft e.V. The following is a list of Dendrobium species accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families at October 2018. species Dendrobium phalangium Schltr. Vietnam Averyanov 1994 as D phalaenopsis; Lowland Orchids of of Papua New Guinea Peter O'Byrne 1994 drawing fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 12 1996 photo fide; Orchid Species Culture, Dendrobium Bakers 1996; Orchid Species Culture, Dendrobium Bakers 1996 as D phalaenopsis; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 1 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Papua New Guinea Millar 1999 photo fide; Dendrobium and their Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo fide; Dendrobium and their Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 as D bigibbum var bigibbum photo fide; Dendrobium and their Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 as D bigibbum var superbum photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol II Shuiteman and de Vogel 2002; Botanica's Orchids 2002 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 #3 2004 as D phalaenopsis photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 4 2004 photo as D bigibbum var superbum; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 1 2006 photo; The Dendrobiums Wood 2006 photo fide; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Vappodes bigibba photo fide; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Vappodes lithocola photo fide; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Vappodes phalaenopsis photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 73 #2 2009 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 76 #1 2012 photo fide; Le Petit Larousse des Orchidees Lecoufle, Barthelemy & Schmidt 2013 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendroidee Pt 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #9 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #11 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 7 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #9 2017 photo fide; Mark Clements and David Jones … species Dendrobium philippinense Ames. The flowers are ivory white and have an exquisite fragrance. [37] Ranked among the world's most attractive species is the Cooktown Orchid. The Australian “king” or “rock” orchid Dendrobium speciosum will handle temperatures down to zero or even a bit below for short periods, as will the pink rock orchid (Dendrobium kingianum); the Cooktown orchid (Dendrobium phalaeonopsis) will tolerate temperatures down to 50 degrees F (10 degrees C) and so will the popular Dendrobium nobile hybrids. Many of the species are seasonal, so the birds that you find here will vary throughout the year. Found in Queensland Australia and Papua and New Guinea [?] Golden Gate Orchids exhibited this on the last Speakers Meeting in Sacramento. Australia has about 56 species. COOKTOWN ORCHID TRAVELLERS PARK. On 19 November 1959 the Cooktown Orchid, under the botanical name of Dendrobium bigibbum var phalaenopsis, was proclaimed as the floral emblem of Queensland (Act). It needs protection from cold in winter and requires a definite resting period. F.M.Bailey 1883; Dendrobium bigibbum var sumneri [F. Mueller]F.M.Bailey 1883; Dendrobium bigibbum var. stellt sich vor, Dendrobium petiolatum is another species from the Oxyglossum section of that genus, one of my favorite groups of orchids. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Species Orchid, Cooktown Dendrobium (Dendrobium bigibbum) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. In the tropics no collection would be complete without the magnificent "Cooktown Orchid", Dendrobium bigibbum. rothschildianum Kraenzl. Family: Orchidaceae (or-kid-AY-see-ee) ( Info) Genus: Dendrobium (den-DROH-bee-um) ( Info) Species: bigibbum var. 1895; Dendrobium phalaenopsis var. Dendrobium is sort of the catch-all of orchid species. The Mystery Orchid, Cooktownia robertsii, discovered and illustrated by Lewis Roberts (naturalist), and named after both him and Cooktown Because the area around Cooktown is unusually rich in biodiversity , being close to three major ecozones , it contains a large proportion of the 3,000 plant species and the more than 500 terrestrial vertebrates recorded for Cape York Peninsula. species Dendrobium perplexum Phueakkhlai, Sungkaew & H. A. Pedersen. superbum Rchb.f. Epidendrum has had a full revamping and most all species are represented with at least a drawing. This is a particularly beautiful species with waxy, white flowers. Temperature and Humidity. Veitch 1888; Dendrobium bigibbum subvar. So, the first step is to ignore the jargon and accept that they are just plants. Each flower is purple or lilac and about 6cm in diameter. While there are a few quirks that you’ll want to pay attention to, care is generally easy, growth is predictable and manageable.
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